Presbyopia and Aging

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Presbyopia and aging, the name says it all. The root words of Presbyopia come from ancient Greek and mean ‘old man’ or ‘elder’ eye. This accurately describes when Presbyopia will likely strike, although it might not be as old or as elderly as one might wish.

Presbyopia normally appears as a part of the aging process around age 40. At this age fine print becomes difficult to read because it tends to blur. This can occur to both near and far vision, but normally occurs to near vision at this age.

There are several different ideas as to the causes of this condition, but all focus on the fact that Presbyopia is primarily due to aging. The general consensus held by most in the optical medical profession is that Presbyopia is due to stiffness that begins to slowly present itself in the lens.

Non-Invasive Correction First

Other causes of Presbyopia are gaining attention though and seem to merit further study. There is some evidence that as a person ages the lens continue to grow which results in blurred vision. What’s more, there is evidence that aging causes the muscles of the eye to disintegrate over time.

There are surgical and non-surgical remedies to correcting Presbyopia. For patients with mild cases of Presbyopia surgery is not recommended. In fact, surgery is not the answer for many patients because glasses offer a non-invasive solution.

Surgical solutions for Presbyopia include Monovision LASIK and Conductive Keratoplasty. Both of these surgeries correct the vision in one eye to see far distances and the other to see near distances. The drawbacks to this surgery include a long adjustment time after the surgery is complete. It is necessary to adjust vision to one eye at a time, a complex process which involves retraining the brain.

Multifocal Glasses

The most common solution for advanced Presbyopia is reading glasses. This magnifying power of the reading lenses is often enough to correct vision for reading purposes. Reading glasses are suggested as a starting point by an ophthalmologist for a Presbyopia patient if the patient has no other vision problems. Reading glasses will allow the patient to read text at close range without blurred vision. They are not worn at all times and can be removed when not in use.

Other options may be suggested for patients who have experienced previous vision problems. For example, in more severe vision conditions bifocal and trifocal prescription lenses allow vision to be corrected at different distances without the need for more than one pair of glasses. But these types of glasses can be very expensive. That’s why so many people have a pair of eye glasses to correct distance vision and multiple sets of affordable reading glasses kept handy in various locations.

Today’s lenses are miles apart from the thick, lined lenses of years past and can be a fashion accessory, not a drawback to appearance. The new lenses are also thin. This allows them to be placed in fashionable frames. They are coated with today’s newest UV coatings and anti-reflective coatings. In short, any lens wearers can now benefit from the latest fashion in frames and colours.

The symptoms of Presbyopia due to aging can be mild fortunately. But with the new fashion frames available today, people are much more willing to wear reading glasses than ever before.

write by Fidelma

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