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Artificial silk or art silk, as it is known, is a synthetically manufactured fibre which resembles silk. Rayon is one of the best examples of art silk. Costing less to produce and having properties similar to that of silk from natural fibres, the feel and texture of cotton, silk or wool is closely imitated. Art silk sarees are easily dyed in a wide range of colours.
Rayon or art silk fabrics are soft and smooth to the touch. Being highly absorbent, the art silk saree keeps the body cool and comfortable since it does not insulate body heat, making it ideal for use in hot and humid climates.
In the present day, imitation silk may be made with rayon, mercerized cotton, polyester, a blend of these materials, or a blend of rayon and silk. Surprisingly with demand for artificial silk on the increase, despite efforts to curb prices, a rise in price of rayon fabrics, has been noticed.
In recent times, rising cotton prices have led to the replacement of cotton with rayon in fabrics. Designers also, have switched over to incorporate rayon in their newest saree designs.
Cellulose fibers are manufactured from dissolving of pulp. Cellulose-based fibers are of two types, regenerated or pure cellulose. Rayon fibre is from regenerated cellulose. One of the earliest in artificial fibres, artificial silk was initially known as viscose towards the end of the nineteenth century and later as rayon in 1924. The material is commonly referred to as viscose rayon in industry.
The durability and appearance retention of regular viscose rayon is low, especially when wet. Also, it has the lowest elastic recovery of any fibre. However, with the newer variety of rayon much stronger, the art silk saree exhibits higher durability and appearance retention. While recommended care for regular viscose rayon has been dry-cleaning only, the improved variety of rayon can easily be machine-washed.
The company Du Pont is said to have first produced artificial silk under the name Nylon. Although nylon does not present as good an appearance as silk, it is a successful functional alternative.
Unsuspecting buyers could buy art silk sarees that could be passed off as real silk. However despite a similar appearance, genuine silk has unique features that are distinguishable from artificial silk.
Art silk sarees generally have fancy prints and embroidery designs adorning the silk fabric. Designs are current and eye-catching making them big draws in stores where price is a big consideration.[ad_2]
write by Edana